- A congenital cataract, which may be dominantly inherited.
- May be idiopathic or associated with systemic diseases such as rubella and Lowe's syndrome or from trauma during early gestational age.
- Small, central area of opacification that is limited to the embryonic nucleus surrounded by remaining clear lens
- Usually is bilateral and non-progressive
- May be filled with white dot-like opacities and is sometimes polychromatic which is called congenital cataract pulverulenta centralis.