- Superiorly displaced pupil.
- May be asymptomatic
- Decrease vision because part of the iris may cover the optical axis
- May be associated with sectoral stromal iris atrophy, ocular trauma or ocular surgery due to vitreous or iris entrapment, IOL placement, etc.
- May be associated with ocular syndrome such as Rieger's or essential iris atrophy.
- Surgical technique refinement, which may include reconstruction of the pupil.
- Vitreous strand lysis using YAG laser.