- Usually appear as dark-red, amorphous hemorrhages
- Situated deep to the retinal vessels and located under the retinal neurosensory level or RPE
- Fluorescein angiography demonstrates:
- Area of hypofluorescence, which is consistent with blockage of underlying details in areas of hemorrhages
- Normal fluorescence of surrounding choroidal filling and overlying retinal vascular perfusion
- Associated conditions include: choroidal neovascular membranes (CNVM), trauma that lead to choroidal rupture, macroaneurysms or exudative age-related macular degeneration.